Geology of the mill

The rock formation which the brook runs through and the foundations of the mill are built on is called the “Claremont formation”

It was formed between 315 MYA and 306 MYA by large scale and periodic flooding of the alluvial plain from the ancient Cobequid mountains.

The rock is a polymictic (having more than one variety of pebble) conglomerate which contains marine fossils such as brachiopods even though the rock itself was not formed in a marine environment.

How can this be?

The fossils did indeed begin life in a marine environment but tectonic forces uplifted them into the Cobequid mountains there they were washed into alluvial fans. These fans reformed into Claremont conglomerate where we find them today in and around the mill site.